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西部支教路易萨教授第三讲《欧洲汉学简史》
发布时间:2022-03-28     浏览量:495

青海师范大学中国语言文学一级学科研究生通识课程

“跨文化中国学研究方法论”第三讲

[意大利]路易萨《欧洲汉学发展简史》

 

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欧洲高校教授简介:路易萨(Luisa Prudentino),意大利汉学家,意大利莱切的萨兰托大学中国语言和文化教授,毕业于世界上第一个成立汉学系的意大利那不勒斯大学东方学院,主要研究欧洲汉学史和中国电影史,已发表一系列研究成果,引起当代欧洲汉学界的关注。本次参加“教育援青”人文学科基础建设教学工作,为青海师大文学院研究生授课。

 

青海师范大学中国语言文学一级学科“跨文化中国学研究方法论”研究生课程第三讲,于2022326日在线上举行。主讲人为意大利萨兰托大学路易萨教授,题目是《欧洲汉学发展简史—从意大利汉学家马国贤谈起》。青海师范大学文学院副院长刘晓林教授主持讲座,青海师范大学文学院研究生和部分教师、青海师大高科院研究人员,以及北京师范大学部分师生参加听讲。

路易萨是意大利汉学家,中意文化交流源远流长,中国人对意大利的两位来华历史人物马可٠波罗和利玛窦耳熟能详。近三百年前,意大利成立了世界上第一个汉学系,即今天的那不勒斯大学东方学院。每年都有大批青年学生从世界各地来到这里,在这一方欧洲文艺复兴运动兴起之地,学习中文和中国文化,这里也成为欧洲早期汉学史的重要象征。

路易萨教授本次讲课的要点是,欧洲汉学史的发展有很长的历史,但可以使用“想象的汉学”、“宗教的汉学”和“科学的汉学”的三个概念,对长时段的历史进行划分,然后开展分阶段的研究。其中,想象的汉学,以马可٠波罗为代表,指用欧洲文化的语言、兴趣和观念,想象中国文化,并进行描述。宗教的汉学,以利玛窦为代表,指在西方基督教背景下,接触、观察和解释中国文化,有时也借用中国文化的非宗教概念,对西方基督教教义进行补充性的解释。科学的汉学,意大利汉学家马国贤(Matteo Ripa)创立,指在意大利那不勒斯成立“中国学院”,建立欧洲第一所教授汉语的教育机构,讲授汉语汉字,编写汉语教材,介绍中国知识和中国经典,培养汉学人才。

在欧洲汉学史的发展中,法、德、英和瑞典汉学互动,逐步改变欧洲中心论,向中国文化本体靠拢。当代欧洲汉学家,以法国顶级大儒汪德迈为代表,从中国材料实际出发,尊重中国人的思维方式和礼俗文化,在中西文化交流的现代环境中,解释中国社会文化,开辟了当代欧洲汉学的新里程。路易萨在讲课中插播了多部意大利汉学史的影片片段,影片中的意大利威尼斯、法兰巴黎、德国柏林、瑞典斯德哥尔摩和中国北京与广州等多国城市的历史建筑再现,学者和学子在研讨、争论和交流,展现了复杂而坚定的学术文化交流图景,引起了听讲师生极大的兴趣。

 

意大利萨兰托大学路易萨教授为青海师大文学院
研究生通识课“跨文化中国学研究方法论”讲授第三讲
部分听讲师生截屏(2022326日)

 

青海师范大学文学院刘晓林副院长在课后做了总结,他赞叹路易萨教授长时间使用汉语授课所表达的学术友谊,认为这种国际交流学术活动有助于研究生的拓展学习。青海师范大学文学院李国英院长对路易萨教授使用三个概念和跨文化学的方法梳理西方汉学史予以肯定。董晓萍教授认为,路易萨教授所介绍的欧洲汉学史的当代趋势值得关注,已有不少欧洲汉学家自觉摒弃“欧洲中心论”的思想和方法,转向使用中国材料,用跨文化学的理论和方法研究人类多元文化,包括更准确地中国文化和社会。路易萨今天讲课的本身也是一种示范。


Postgraduate General Course of the First-Level Discipline

Chinese Language and Literature of Qinghai Normal University

“Methodology of Transcultural Study on Chinese Society and Culture” Invites

Italian Professor Luisa Prudentino to Deliver Lecture on

“A Brief History of European Sinology”

 

The third lecture of “Methodology of Transcultural Study on Chinese Society and Culture”, postgraduate general course of the first-level discipline Chinese Language and Literature of Qinghai Normal University, was held online on March 26th, 2022. The keynote speaker was Professor Luisa Prudentino from Università del Salento, Italy. Her topic was “A Brief History of European Sinology——Starting from Matteo Ripa, An Italian Sinologist”. Professor Liu Xiaolin, vice dean of College of Chinese Language and Literature, Qinghai Normal University, presided over the lecture. Postgraduates and teachers of College of Chinese Language and Literature of Qinghai Normal University, researchers of Academy of Plateau Science and Sustainability of Qinghai Normal University, and some teachers and students of School of Chinese Language and Culture of Beijing Normal University attended the lecture.

Professor Luisa Prudentino is an Italian Sinologist, mainly specializing in the history of European Sinology and the history of Chinese Cinema. China and Italy have a long history of cultural exchanges. The Chinese are familiar with the Italian historical figures Marco Polo and Matteo Ricci. Many young students from all over the world come there to learn Chinese language and culture every year.

From Luisa’s lecture, the audience learned that European Sinology has a long history of development, which can be sorted out and studied by the concepts of “imaginative Sinology”, “religious Sinology” and “scientific Sinology”. Imaginative Sinology, represented by Marco Polo, refers to imagine and describe Chinese culture with the language, interests and ideas of European culture. Religious Sinology, represented by Matteo Ricci, refers to the contact, observation and interpretation of Chinese culture in the context of Western Christianity, and sometimes there are supplementary interpretations of Western Christian doctrine by borrowing non-religious concepts of Chinese culture.  Scientific Sinology, founded by Italian Sinologist Matteo Ripa, refers to the establishment of “China Institute” in Naples, Italy, which is the first Educational institution in Europe to teach Chinese characters, compile Chinese textbooks, introduce Chinese knowledge and Chinese classics, and cultivate sinology talents.  In the development of innovation, Sinology in France, Germany, Britain, Sweden and other countries interact with each other, gradually changing the view of Eurocentrism through the scientific construction of Sinology. They learn to explain Chinese culture from the reality of Chinese materials, the way of thinking and the customary culture of Chinese people. Professor Luisa played several film clips of The History of Italian Sinology during the lecture, which aroused great interest of the teachers and students.

Professor Liu Xiaolin, vice dean of College of Chinese Language and Literature, Qinghai Normal University, made a summary after class and praised Professor Luisa highly for her excellent lecture delivered in Chinese for hours. Professor Li Guoying commented on Professor Luisa’s use of innovative concepts to sort out the history of Western Sinology. According to Professor Dong Xiaoping, what was learned from today’s lecture was that Professor Luisa introduced the trend that many Western Sinologists have abandoned the view of “Eurocentrism” and have taken advantage of transcultural theories and methods to study human multiculturalism, including Chinese culture.

 

(Trans. by Li Huafang)    


友情链接: |  北京师范大学跨文化研究院|  北京师范大学民俗典籍文字研究中心| 北京大学跨文化研究中心